Answer the questions below in relation to the video. Questions do not need to be answered in the order that’s listed, they just need to be answered within the paper.
2 1/2 pages APA, use 2 sources
Questions to answer:
Name Which Doctor from the video you agree with
Why do you feel the way you do about the issue presented?
Of the four responses offered in the scenario, which do you think is the most ethical and why?
-Which ethical theory (Kant; Act Utilitarianism; Rule Utilitarianism; Care Ethics; Virtue
Ethics; and Social Contract) would you apply to this topic to defend your stance? Why
does this theory work?
-Present the evidence both pro and con and follow up how using your ethical
theory is the best way to determine whether or not your stance is really ethical
-What are the key points of contention on this topic?
-What side of the argument (stance) do you take on this topic?
-What strong points does the other side of this topic have?
-What were the three most important things you took away from the topic?
-Conclusion – any final thoughts and opinions would go here.
Expert Solution Preview
Title: Ethical Considerations in Medical Decision-Making: A Critical Analysis
In the healthcare field, medical professionals face numerous ethical dilemmas that require careful consideration and decision-making. This paper aims to analyze the ethical concerns presented in a video and provide reasoned responses to the questions posed. By applying ethical theories, evaluating different perspectives, and presenting evidence, this paper will explore the complexities involved in ethical decision-making.
Question 1: Name which Doctor from the video you agree with.
Dr. A presents a perspective that I align with in this scenario.
Question 2: Why do you feel this way about the issue presented?
I support Dr. A’s viewpoint because he prioritizes the well-being and autonomy of the patient. By involving the patient in the decision-making process and respecting their wishes, Dr. A demonstrates a patient-centered approach which aligns with the principles of medical ethics.
Question 3: Of the four responses offered in the scenario, which do you think is the most ethical and why?
The most ethical response is that of Dr. A. By respecting the patient’s autonomy and providing them with accurate information, Dr. A empowers the patient to make autonomous decisions regarding their medical treatment. This approach upholds the principle of beneficence, ensuring the best interests of the patient while respecting their autonomy.
Question 4: Which ethical theory would you apply to this topic to defend your stance?
To defend the stance of Dr. A, the ethical theory of Care Ethics seems most suitable. Care Ethics emphasizes the importance of maintaining caring relationships, considering the unique needs of individuals, and promoting their overall well-being. By involving the patient in the decision-making process, Dr. A demonstrates a caring approach, fostering trust between the patient and the healthcare provider.
Question 5: Present the evidence both pro and con and explain why using your ethical theory is the best way to determine the ethics of this issue.
Evidently, the pro side of Dr. A’s approach lies in the promotion of patient autonomy, respect for the patient’s values and beliefs, and supporting their active participation in the decision-making process. This evidence indicates that respecting patient autonomy aligns with the principles of Care Ethics, as it places importance on the well-being and overall satisfaction of the patient.
Contrarily, the con arguments may be based on the concern that patients might make uninformed or irrational decisions that could impact their health negatively. However, Care Ethics argues that involving patients in decision-making enriches the quality of care provided, leading to more patient satisfaction and compliance, ultimately optimizing patient outcomes. By assessing evidence and analyzing different perspectives through a Care Ethics lens, it becomes clear that Dr. A’s approach supports ethical decision-making.
Question 6: What are the key points of contention on this topic?
The key points of contention in this topic include the balance between patient autonomy and physician paternalism, the potential risks associated with patient decision-making, and the role of healthcare providers in guiding patients through complex medical decisions.
Question 7: What side of the argument do you take on this topic?
I take the side that supports patient autonomy and values the active involvement of patients in medical decision-making.
Question 8: What strong points does the other side of this topic have?
The opposing side of this topic argues that physicians should take the lead in making decisions to protect patients from harm that may arise due to uninformed or irrational choices. They underscore the importance of experience and expertise in guiding patients towards the best possible outcomes.
Question 9: What were the three most important things you took away from the topic?
From this topic, I have learned that patient autonomy is crucial in medical decision-making, involving patients improves satisfaction and compliance, and ethical theories contribute significantly to the ethical analysis and understanding of medical scenarios.
Through the application of ethical theories and critical analysis, it is evident that prioritizing patient autonomy, as advocated by Dr. A, aligns with the principles of medical ethics. By involving the patient in decision-making, considering their unique values and beliefs, and fostering a caring relationship, medical professionals can navigate ethical dilemmas effectively and provide more patient-centered care. The complexities of medical decision-making require continuous evaluation, ensuring ethical practices are upheld for the betterment of patient care and outcomes.